• svg
  • svg
  • svg
  • svg
  • svg
  • svg
  • svg
  • svg
thumb

Head Office

Okoloma, Afam, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Request For A Quick Contact

You have a question for us? We would be glad to answer you.

* Please Fill Required Fields *
img

Phone Number:

08071539463

Working Hours

We are happy to meet you during our working hours. Please make an appointment .

  • 8am to 6pm Monday to Friday.
  • svg
  • svg
  • svg
  • svg
thumb

Head Office

Okoloma, Afam, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Request For A Quick Contact

You have a question for us? We would be glad to answer you.

* Please Fill Required Fields *
img

Phone Number:

08071539463

Working Hours

We are happy to meet you during our working hours. Please make an appointment .

  • 8am to 6pm Monday to Friday.

Generation of Electricity to Consumers

Electricity utilization will not be complete if the source and transportation in not discussed.

Thus, the process of getting electricity to consumers or to our homes, offices and industries involves three processes; Generation, transmission and Distribution but starts with Generation which is the function of the power station. According to Wikipedia, Electricity generation is the process of generating electric power from other sources of primary energy. The primary energy can be water, gas, sun, steam, wind, fossil, waste, etc.

Electric power irrespective of its source actually starts from generation which is the function of power stations. The power plant uses different sources of energy into the mechanical driver called Turbine. Some use water (called hydroelectric generation), others use natural gas (as in the case of Afam Power Plc) or steam or coal (all grouped into thermal generating units). However, all the generating units use the same principle but different source of energy into the Turbine.

In all, the electricity generated in the power stations are generated between 11.5-16KV and stepped up by a step up transformer to 330KV.

The next stage is the Transmission. Transmission begins with the transportation of voltage 330KV with transmission lines (known as Conductors) and being stepped down by a transformer to 132KV at transmission substation, whereby the voltage is further transported along transmission lines to Injection substations and stepped down to 33KV.

The distribution of electricity now starts at this point. The voltage is stepped down by a distribution transformer to 11KV which in turn is stepped down to 0.415KV and further stepped down to 220V before it gets to the consumers.

However, these transformers have secondary windings connected in star form to create room for a neutral point. The star point forms the neutral line making it a 3 phase, 4 wire networking. The distribution voltage is 415V while consumable voltage is 415V for 3phase equipments and 220V for single phase. There is no requirement for voltage transformation as the neutral serves as reducer. (Line Voltage = phase voltage  = 415V = 220V